Pope Francis canonises Argentinian laywoman ‘Mama Antula’

Pope Francis canonises María Antonia de San José, describing her as a "wayfarer of the spirit" and "a model of apostolic fervour and audacity".

Feb 12, 2024

A statue of the new saint in Buenos Aires

By Joseph Tulloch and Stefan von Kempis
‘Mama Antula’ is Argentina's first female saint.

She was canonised by Pope Francis – himself Argentinian– on Sunday morning, in a Mass in St Peter’s Basilica.

María Antonia de San José de Paz y Figueroa, known in her own country, and by millions of faithful around the world, as “Mama Antula”, lived in Argentina in the 18th century.

At that time, the Jesuit order had been expelled from Argentina. María Antonia, a laywoman, made it her mission to spread Ignatian - that is, Jesuit - spirituality throughout the country. 

Among the roughly five thousand present in St Peter's Basilica for the occasion was Javier Milei, the newly-elected president of Argentina.

A "wayfarer of the Spirit"
Towards the end of his homily, Pope Francis laid to one side his prepared remarks and spoke off-the-cuff.

“Today we think of María Antonia de San José, 'Mama Antula',” he said. “She was a wayfarer of the Spirit. She travelled thousand of kilometres on foot, crossing deserts and taking dangerous paths, bringing God with her."

“Today she is a model of apostolic fervour and audacity for us,” the Pope continued. “When the Jesuits were expelled [from Argentina], the Spirit lit a missionary flame in her based on trust in providence and perseverance.”

“Let us pray today to María Antonia, Santa María Antonia de Paz de San José, that she may help us very much.”

Solemn moment of canonisation
The Litany of All Saints rang out solemnly under Michelangelo's dome, then the Pope spoke the canonisation formula.

A deacon consecrated the relics of "Mama Antula", and the Gospel was recited in Greek, as is customary on particularly solemn occasions.

During the offertory, Claudio Perusini and his family brought gifts to the altar; the man had been healed by a miracle that took place through the intercession of the new saint and paved the way for her canonisation.

Leprosy and marginalisation

The Pope had already honoured the new saint in detail on Friday; in his sermon this Sunday, other than the remarks reported above, he largely refrained from highlighting her virtues. Instead, he went into detail about this Sunday's Gospel, which describes the healing of a leper by Jesus (Mk 1:40-45). The man had not only suffered from leprosy, but also, and above all, from marginalisation.

"Fear, prejudice and false religiosity: these are three causes of a great injustice, three 'leprosy infections of the soul' that make the weak suffer because they are treated like rubbish. Brothers and sisters, let us not think that this only happened in the past. How many suffering people we encounter on the pavements of our cities! And how many fears, prejudices and incongruous behaviours, even on the part of those who believe and call themselves Christians, continue to hurt them! Even in our time, there is much marginalisation, there are barriers that need to be broken down, there are 'leprosy infections' that need healing."

And how does such healing take place? Not by keeping our distance. The Pope emphasised this to his listeners in St Peter's Basilica by pointing out that Jesus made the first move and touched the sick person, although he realised that in doing so he was violating the ideas of purity of his time.

An important day for Argentina
5,500 faithful gathered in St Peter's Basilica for the celebration, among them thousands of the Pope's compatriots, including bishops, priests and pilgrims from the archdiocese of Portiña, where Pope Francis was once a pastor.

Vigils were organised across Argentina, and the liturgy was shown on giant screens in public squares.

President Javier Milei, who has been in Rome since Saturday, was also present in the Basilica, and will meet privately with Pope Francis tomorrow, 12 February, in the Vatican.--Vatican News

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